From 1834 to 1838 we lived in Ogdensburg, NY and in the Spring of 1838 we decided to migrate with the Saint's to Western Missouri. Our timing could not have been worse as we arrived shortly after the Governer issued the Extermination Order.


My decision to join The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-daySaints (Mormon) was not well received by my wife and family. Shorlty after joining the church, I went to Stanstead Plains, Canada where I worked for a large manufacturing comany putting in improved machinery.